Kautsky, Karl

(1854-1938)
A German socialist politician and social theorist. His’On the Agrarian Question’ (1899) argued that small-scale peasant production was doomed to disappear in the face of capitalist development, and that social democrats should not seek to defend peasant interests, their future lying in proletarianization . For Kautsky, the peasantry embodied the ‘backward’ social characteristics of isolation, tradition, and individualism. He was opposed to revisionism; that is, the electoral politics of Edward Bernstein in the 1900s, and adopted a pacifist position in the First World War. He criticized the Bolshevik revolution and its policy of the ‘dictatorship of the proletariat’, attracting the hostility of Lenin , who attacked Kautsky as the epitome of the social democratic betrayal of the working class (see The Road to Power, 1909, and The Dictatorship of the Proletariat, 1918). See also Marxism.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Kautsky, Karl — (1854–1938)    A noted German Austrian socialist, Karl Kautsky was born in Prague of middle class Jewish parents. He studied history and philosophy at Vienna University and became a member of the Austrian Social Democratic Party in 1875. In 1880 …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Kautsky, Karl — (1854–1938)    Karl Kautsky was for many years the leading theorist of the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) and of the Second International. He advocated an orthodox interpretation of Marxism that emphasized the scientific, materialist and… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Kautsky, Karl — born Oct. 16, 1854, Prague, Bohemia died October 17, 1938, Amsterdam, Neth. German Marxist theorist and leader. He was the author of the Erfurt Program adopted by Germany s Social Democrat Party in 1891, which committed the party to an… …   Universalium

  • Kautsky, Karl — ► (1854 1938) Político y escritor socialista alemán. Fue discípulo de Karl Marx y fundador del Sozialdemokrat (1880) y de Neue Zeit (1883). * * * (16 oct. 1854, Praga, Bohemia–17 oct. 1938, Amsterdam, Países Bajos). Líder y teórico marxista… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kautsky, Karl —    See Socialization Commission …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Kautsky — Kautsky, Karl …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kautsky — Kautsky, Karl …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Karl Kautsky — Karl Johann Kautsky Karl Johann Kautsky (* 16. Oktober 1854 in Prag; † 17. Oktober 1938 in Amsterdam, Niederlande) war ein deutsch tschechischer Philosoph und sozialdemokratischer Politiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl Kautzky — Karl Johann Kautsky Karl Johann Kautsky (* 16. Oktober 1854 in Prag; † 17. Oktober 1938 in Amsterdam) war ein führender Theoretiker der deutschen und internationalen Sozialdemokratie. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Karl Kautsky — Karl Johann Kautsky. Karl Kautsky (Praga, 18 de octubre de 1854 Ámsterdam, 17 de octubre de 1938) fue un destacado téorico marxista. Nació en Praga, estudió historia y filosofía en la Universidad de Viena. En 1875 se …   Wikipedia Español

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